ELE 3735 Financial accounting

ELE 3735 Financial accounting

Course code: 
ELE 3735
Department: 
Accounting, Auditing and Business Analytics
Credits: 
7.5
Course coordinator: 
John Christian Langli
Course name in Norwegian: 
Finansregnskap
Product category: 
Bachelor
Portfolio: 
Bachelor - Electives
Semester: 
2018 Spring
Active status: 
Active
Level of study: 
Bachelor
Teaching language: 
Norwegian
Course type: 
One semester
Introduction

Firms may choose from different accounting languages and dialects in Norway. The main alternatives are GRS (God RegnskapsSkikk = good accounting practice in Norway) and IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards). Within each of these alternatives there are dialects. All listed companies must apply IFRS, other companies may choose freely between the main alternatives. Some companies may also choose between the dialects. This means that firms may calculate revenue, expenses, assets, liabilities and equity using five different set of rules.

The diversity in how to calculate accounting numbers is a challenge to both preparers and users. Preparers must know which set of rules to apply and how to apply the accounting standards and valuation methods that belong to the chosen set of rules. Users must know how to interpret figures prepared under different set of rules in order to make informed decisions.

The aim of this course is to provide users and prepares with the knowledge that enables them to navigate correctly in an environment with different ways to measure revenue, expenses, assets, liabilities and equity. The course will put particular emphasis on GRS since 99 % of all Norwegian firms use GRS. However, since the largest firms (including listed firms) use IFRS and there exists a proposal to change the legislation towards IFRS for SME, the course will also cover key differences between GRS and IFRS and main features of the proposed Accounting Act.

Learning outcomes - Knowledge

Students should be able to:

  • Explain the structure of the Norwegian accounting regulation

identify sources that may explain how various accounting issues are to be handled.

Learning outcomes - Skills

Upon completion of the course, students should be able to:

  • Compare and contrast income-based and balance sheet-based accounting models
  • Use the fundamental accounting principles in GRS to find solutions to accounting problems
  • Prepare individual accounts for non-listed Norwegian firms using GRS
  • Give example of main differences between GRS and IFRS
  • Describe main features in the propsed new Accounting Act
Learning Outcome - Reflection

Upon completion of the course, students should be able to discuss accounting issues in light of both revenue-based and balance sheet-based accounting models, and analyse the pros and cons of GRS and IFRS.

Course content
  • The regulation of the obligation to prepare financial statements in Norway
  • How to measure net income? Revenue-based and balance sheet-based accounting models, GRS vs. IFRS and accounting models based on fair value and historical cost.
  • How should we understand and interpret the fundamental accounting principles in GRS?
  • General GRS-rules for recognition and measurement of fixed assets, immaterial assets, financial assets (fixed and current), inventory and accounts receivable.
  • Special issues with GRS, e.g. amortized cost, leasing, pensions, factoring, deferred taxes, employee options and revenue recognition (further information will be given during the course).
  • Recognition and measurement according to IFRS, e.g. accounting for investment property, biological assets (e.g. farmed fish and forest) and property, plant and equipment (further information will be given at during the course).
  • Main features in The proposed new Accounting Act.
  • Accounting and earnings quality.
Learning process and requirements to students

The course consists of 40 hours of lectures and assignment reviews. Further information will be given at the start of the course.

It is assumed that students have access to a spreadsheet program and Internett.

Software tools
No specified computer-based tools are required.
Additional information

For electives re-sit is normally offered at the next scheduled course. If an elective is discontinued or is not initiated in the semester it is offered, re-sit will be offered in the electives ordinary semester.

Qualifications

Higher Education Entrance Qualification.

Required prerequisite knowledge

Financial Accounting and Financial Statement Analysis ((BØK 3531 or 3532) or similar.

Exam categoryWeightInvigilationDurationSupport materialsGroupingComment exam
Exam category:
Submission
Form of assessment:
Written submission
Exam code:
ELE37351
Grading scale:
ECTS
Grading rules:
Internal and external examiner
Resit:
Examination when next scheduled course
100Yes3 Hour(s)
  • BI-approved exam calculator
  • Simple calculator
  • Book: Langfeldt, S. F. "Lov og rett for næringslivet" or offprints of laws
Individual
Exams:
Exam category:Submission
Form of assessment:Written submission
Weight:100
Invigilation:Yes
Grouping (size):Individual
Support materials:
  • BI-approved exam calculator
  • Simple calculator
  • Book: Langfeldt, S. F. "Lov og rett for næringslivet" or offprints of laws
Duration:3 Hour(s)
Comment:
Exam code:ELE37351
Grading scale:ECTS
Resit:Examination when next scheduled course
Exam organisation: 
Ordinary examination
Total weight: 
100
Course codeCredit reduction
BØK 3647100
Credit reductions:
Course code:BØK 3647
Credit reduction:100
Reduction description

Kurset er overlappende med BØK 3647 Finansregnskap, 15 studiepoeng som hører til regnskapsutdanningen for Bachelorstudiet i økonomi og administrasjon, 3. år. Studenter som planlegger å ta regnskapsutdanningen bør derfor ikke ta dette kurset.

Student workload
ActivityDurationComment
Teaching on Campus
40 Hour(s)
Lectures incl. revirews of assignments.
Student's own work with learning resources
135 Hour(s)
Examination
25 Hour(s)
Preparations incl. exam.
Sum workload: 
200

A course of 1 ECTS credit corresponds to a workload of 26-30 hours. Therefore a course of 7,5 ECTS credit corresponds to a workload of at least 200 hours.