FIN 3516 Valuation

FIN 3516 Valuation

Course code: 
FIN 3516
Course coordinator: 
Dagfinn Rime
Course name in Norwegian: 
Product category: 
Bachelor of Finance - Programme Courses
2021 Spring
Active status: 
Level of study: 
Teaching language: 
Course type: 
One semester

Financial professionals offer advice, provide valuable information and help corporations in their investment, operational and financing decisions. In all these a common component and requirement is the ability to analyze the financial statements in order to determine a company's value, project future earnings and cash-flows, identify risks, spot opportunities for cost reduction and/or efficiency increase, understand the effects of tax, regulatory or policy changes and so on.

The course prepares students to acquire these skills- to analyze and interpret financial statements in a financially meaningful way. For this reason the course teaches the relevant material by examining real company data. The course also gives student excel modeling skills and hands-on experience using Bloomberg terminal to gather and analyze financial data.

The course is essential to anyone who will work in the field of applied finance as understanding of financial statements is the basis of financial analysis- a core consideration of any applied finance practitioner.  Financial analysis is a daily consideration for a corporate finance professional working within a firm or working as a consultant to a firm, working within investment banking, asset management, or in many other positions.

We emphasize the link between various statements, understanding what numbers in the various statements mean and how to compute performance, cost of capital, and the various types of risks. The course covers the key topics of who demands financial statements, who supplies, where to find the critical information financial analyst would need in decision-making. We examine how to analyze cross section and time series of financial statements, how to construct various ratios, and how to develop statement-based performance measures. We focus on the fundamental issue of valuation and we study selected applications of the topic to the cost of capital estimation and risk management.

Learning outcomes - Knowledge

Upon successfully completing the course the student will

  • Understand the needs and the uses of financial statements, both use of historical financial statements and how to forecast financial statements
  • Understand the need and the way to extract meaningful information by combining the different financial and accounting data,
  • Knowing which financial information that are required for the various types of decisions, and how to strategically analyze firms and interpret their financial statements.
Learning outcomes - Skills

Upon successfully completing the course the student will be able to

  • Extract meaningful information by combining the different financial and accounting data, e.g. financial ratios and profitability measures
  • Develop digital skills using Excel and Bloomberg
  • Perform  valuation of companies and projects 
General Competence

The acquired theoretical and practical knowledge provided in this course will enable the student to understand the need to generate financial statements, the relation between the suppliers and the users of this information and reflect on the ways that this information channel could be improved or compromised.

Course content
  • Introduction to financial statements and bookkeeping. Understand the relation between statements.
  • Accrual-based versus cash-flow-based performance measures
  • The analytical income statement and balance sheet. Relate metrics, e.g. sales and working capital (WC)
  • Profitability measures, analysis and forecasts
  • Capital structure and Cost of Capital
  • Pulling it all together: Valuation
Teaching and learning activities

The course will include a combination of lectures and Bloomberg laboratory sessions where the students will obtain hands-on experience on the use of the Bloomberg terminal.  

Class participation is strongly encouraged and rewarded. Each class will have problems and assigned readings. You should come to class prepared. You can work in groups to solve homework assignments. The lectures will be plenary sessions whereas for the Bloomberg sessions will be done in different sections of maximum 40 students each. 

A student will integrate the key concepts by developing a group project focusing on company valuation.

Use of the Bloomberg terminal will be an integral part of the course. Students will learn how to use Bloomberg terminal to find data in financial statements and prepare basic analysis. Students will learn how to use Spreadsheets (Excel) to analyze, manipulate, calculate, and present data.

This is a course with continuous assessment (several exam components) and one final exam code. Each exam component is graded by using points on a scale from 0-100. The components will be weighted together according to the information in the course description in order to calculate the final letter grade for the examination code (course). Students who fail to participate in one/some/all exam elements will get a lower grade or may fail the course.

Course responsible decide on allocation of students in case of components solved in groups. At re-sit all components must, as a main rule, be retaken during next scheduled course.

The final grade in this course will be based on the following activities and weightings:

  • Group project on valuation. (4 students in each group) (20% weight)
  • Three-hour written final exam (80% weight).

Specific information regarding student evaluation will be provided in class. This information may be relevant to requirements for term papers or other hand-ins, and/or where class participation can be one of several elements of the overall evaluation.

Software tools
Software defined under the section "Teaching and learning activities".
Additional information



Higher Education Entrance Qualification


Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, there may be deviations in teaching and learning activities as well as exams, compared with what is described in this course description.

Required prerequisite knowledge

BØK 3423 Finance and FIN 3521 Finansiering av bedrifter or equivalent.

Exam category: 
Form of assessment: 
Written submission
Group (2 - 4)
2 Week(s)
Group project on valuation. (groups projects of 4 students maximum)
Exam code: 
Grading scale: 
Point scale leading to ECTS letter grade
All components must, as a main rule, be retaken during next scheduled course
Exam category: 
Form of assessment: 
Written submission
Support materials: 
  • BI-approved exam calculator
  • Simple calculator
  • Bilingual dictionary
3 Hour(s)
Exam code: 
Grading scale: 
Point scale leading to ECTS letter grade
All components must, as a main rule, be retaken during next scheduled course
Type of Assessment: 
Continuous assessment
Grading scale: 
Total weight: 
Student workload
30 Hour(s)
Seminar groups
12 Hour(s)
Bloomberg sessions.
Students are expected to be familiar with Bloomberg. It is highly recommended to take BMC certificate by the start of the course.
Prepare for teaching
83 Hour(s)
Group work / Assignments
30 Hour(s)
Group project and home assignments
45 Hour(s)
Exam incl. preparations
Sum workload: 

A course of 1 ECTS credit corresponds to a workload of 26-30 hours. Therefore a course of 7,5 ECTS credit corresponds to a workload of at least 200 hours.