BØK 3532 Financial Accounting and Financial Statement Analysis

BØK 3532 Financial Accounting and Financial Statement Analysis

Course code: 
BØK 3532
Accounting and Operations Management
Course coordinator: 
John Christian Langli
Course name in Norwegian: 
Finansregnskap og regnskapsanalyse
Product category: 
Bachelor of Business Administration - Programme Courses
2019 Spring
Active status: 
Level of study: 
Teaching language: 
Course type: 
One semester

All limited companies and many other enterprises must annually prepare financial statements, which give all interested parties an insight into how the economic situation has developed. In this course students learn how financial statements are prepared and how they can be used.

Financial statements must be organized in a specific manner. The legislation for this area is extensive and regulates the entire production process: from bookkeeping of the enterprise’s transactions to the type of information that has to be disclosed in the publicly available annual report.

The first part of the course covers techniques and methods used for an enterprise to record all its transactions in the course of a year. It’s not sufficient to consecutively book the transactions that take place. The financial statements must be set up at the end of the fiscal year, which means that the enterprises must value their assets and debts and calculate how much that has been lost or gained. The second part of the course covers this process and addresses what the financial statements shall include of information and the rules that govern valuation of assets and liabilities and recognition of revenues and expenses.

Financial statements are publicly available and vital information on every Norwegian company can be accessed by just pressing a key, since the main figures are freely available on the Internet. The third part of the course covers how financial statements can be used.

Learning outcomes - Knowledge

After having completed the course the students shall be able to:

  • Record ordinary transactions and incorporate frequent closing provisions (including calculation of the annual tax cost and allocation of net income) in accordance with the principle of double-entry book-keeping, and draw up the final income statement and balance sheet.
  • Describe the main accounting rules for measurement of assets and liabilities.
Learning outcomes - Skills

After having completed the course the students shall be able to:

  • Value assets and debts and apply the accruals principle on revenues and costs in accordance with the main rules of the accounting act. The rules and principles may be applicable to the asset and debt items and the income and cost elements that are customary in small and medium-sized enterprises.
  • Draw up a cash flow statement and consolidated accounts when conditions are simple and easily understood.
  • Analyse and comment on a company’s financial development over time and relative to other companies.
Learning Outcome - Reflection

After having completed the course the students shall be able to read a financial statement with sound scepticism and be able to reflect on the possibilities that the producers of the accounts have to provide good or poor information to users of the accounts.

Course content
  • What are accounts and accounting?
  • Transactions and the balance sheet equation
  • Transactions and the accounting system (the principle of double-entry bookkeeping)
  • Closing of accounts: from the list of ledger balances to the income statement and the balance sheet
  • Fundamental accounting principles
  • Measurement of assets and debts
  • The cash flow statement
  • The connection between accounts and taxation
  • The accounts as a source of information
  • Time series analyses and cross section analyses of profitability, cash flow, solidity and financing.
Learning process and requirements to students

The course duration is 40 teaching hours which include lectures and review of assignments. It’s important to do assignments to grasp the content of the course. 

For students to receive feedback on their progress and to enable them to gain experience in solving exam relevant tasks, there will be posted automatically tests on Itslearning during the course. Examination question difficulty and workload requires that students have been working with the tests during the semester, so that they have trained their abilities to solve questions related to Financial Accounting and Financial Statement Analysis.

Students are expected to have access to a spread sheet program (Excel) and the Internet.


In course delivery as online courses, lecturer will, in collaboration with the student administration, organize an appropriate course implementation, combining different learning activities and digital elements on the learning platform. The online students are also offered a study guide that will contribute to progression and overview. Total recommended time spent for completing the course also applies here.


Software tools
Software defined under the section "Teaching and learning activities".
Additional information

Obligatorisk pensumbok er endret. Ved eksamen i 2018/19 (høst + vår) kan pensum fra 2017/18 også benyttes.


Higher Education Entrance Qualification.

Required prerequisite knowledge

BØK 3411 Finance and Managerial Accounting I, BØK 3422 Managerial Accounting, BØK 3434 Managerial Accounting and finance, BØK 1113 Managerial Accounting or similar.

Exam category: 
Form of assessment: 
Written submission
Support materials: 
  • BI-approved exam calculator
  • Simple calculator
3 Hour(s)
Exam code: 
BØK 35321
Grading scale: 
Examination every semester
Exam organisation: 
Ordinary examination
Total weight: 
Student workload
40 Hour(s)
The lectures will consist of traditional lectures and review of assignments.
Prepare for teaching
130 Hour(s)
Work on curriculum, assignments and preparations for lectures / review of assignments.
30 Hour(s)
Exam incl. preparations.
Sum workload: 

A course of 1 ECTS credit corresponds to a workload of 26-30 hours. Therefore a course of 7,5 ECTS credit corresponds to a workload of at least 200 hours.